Miranda Rightsby Roger Chartier:
Here is what the US Supreme Court Says:
"The person in custody must, prior to interrogation, be clearly informed that he or she has the right to remain silent, and that anything the person says may be used against that person in court; the person must be clearly informed that he or she has the right to consult with an attorney and to have that attorney present during questioning, and that, if he or she is indigent, an attorney will be provided at no cost to represent him or her."
There are common versions utilized that differ. Some are more specific than others.
One common usage is:
"You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to have an attorney present during questioning. If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you. Do you understand these rights?"
Another more specific one is this:
You have the right to remain silent and refuse to answer questions. Do you understand?
There are a lot of differing technicalities about cases being dismissed because of language comprehension etc.
A person does not have to be given their rights to be arrested but before any pertinent questioning the police must use these these basic elements in notifying the person of their rights, the right to remain silent and the right to an attorney.
When you have been read your rights, you are said to have been "Mirandized."
Ernesto Miranda had his conviction thrown out.
In the end he got killed in a barroom fight after release.